Long winter evenings in the north, 1919-1929

Hjördis Genberg fashion photograph from 1944. Photo: Erik Holmen, Nordic Museum
Hjördis Genberg fashion photograph from 1944. Photo: Erik Holmen, Nordic Museum

The girl labelled as Sweden’s Cinderella, Sweden’s first supermodel, and as one of the world’s most beautiful women, was born Hjördis Paulina Genberg on 10th November 1919, the fourth of six children (five girls and one boy) to Gerda Paulina (née Hägglund) and Johan Georg Genberg.

“Pappa came from a Walloon family (Belgian émigrés),” Hjördis wrote in 1960, starting her story with a touch of the exotic, “and my mother was Swedish, though I always thought she had some gypsy in her.”

One of her family has had his DNA checked and found that he is 100% Scandinavian. Not a Walloon in sight. Oh well. Never mind.  The source of the fantasy may come from Hjördis’ first husband, who’s Dutch grandfather became one of the richest men in Sweden.

Hjördis’ birthplace was the tiny village of Åsarne in Jämtland county, a region of lakes, trees and sawmills in the northern half of Sweden. Her often repeated birthplace (but not by her) of Kiruna (Sweden’s northernmost city, more than 500 miles further north), is an arctic exaggeration, perhaps related to David Niven’s erroneous birthplace of Kirriemuir, Scotland.

Röksta lifestyle

“On a cold, dark November day just before I was born, my mother heard Hjördis Schymberg sing in concert. She was so taken by her song, she decided that if her baby was a girl, she would be named Hjördis.”

A lovely story and additionally, probably, a load of old crap. The (pre-fame) Swedish singer Hjördis Schymberg was only ten years old at the time. That said, she was apparently already performing with her older sisters in the Sundsvall area, and that is where Hjördis’ mother originated.

Life for the growing family was rarely settled, probably due to Johan Genberg having to move wherever there was work. They had only set up home in Åsarne in 1917, and by October 1920 were on the move again, eastwards to another forested outpost, Röksta, in the Nordingrå parish.

To feed his family, Johan maintained a small croft near the sawmill where he worked, and then became a full-time torpare (crofter) when his teenage son was old enough to work at the local sawmill.

Hjördis gave little away about her earliest days, although in 1950 she looked back at the level of poverty: “I’ve come a long way from my poor childhood home, with its six hungry brothers and sisters.”

The site of the Genberg family's croft in Rismyra, on the western edge of Röksta
The site of the Genberg family’s croft in Rismyra, on the western edge of Röksta, located by local historian Mr Samuelsson in 2012. Photo: Hans Jonsson.

The Genbergs’ house in Röksta no longer exists, and may have been pulled down as early as the 1940s. All that remains in 2021 are a few ditches, a small wall, and some open spaces that may have been fields or meadows. The foundations of the house were probably re-used.

Hjördis attended school in nearby Salsåker, where her teacher, Mrs Sigrid Berglund, remembered her as a cheerful little kid who arrived on winter mornings dwarfed by a pair of over-sized, hand-me-down skis. (Mrs Berglund taught at the school from 1916 to 1957).

Hjördis Genberg`s school class in Salsåker, 1927
Hjördis Genberg`s school class in Salsåker, 1927. Hjördis is the tall, straight-backed girl, standing fifth from the right. Mrs Berglund is standing at the back. Thanks to Eileen Hedstrom for locating the photo.

The photo above is one of the more unexpected finds for this website. It was taken when Hjördis was 7 years old.

“One of the girls in Hjördis` class, Mary Grafström, later sent the picture to local daily newspaper Västernorrlands Allehanda,” local historian Hans Jonsson explains. “It was published on 27th January 1979.”

“The class was called ‘Småskolan’, an old name for the first two years of school in Sweden.”

At lessons Hjördis was described by Mrs Berglund as diligent and attentive, with a particular interest in reading:  “Hjördis was a sweet girl, and so good at school. She was always stubborn. I didn’t think she looked better than the other kids, just rosy-cheeked and happy.”

Happy or not, the 1.7 km walk home “along the edges of fields and meadows, and across the courtyards of a few houses” could be frightening for Hjördis and her over-imaginative siblings.

“We had to pass an old smithy,” Hjördis remembered. “We were firmly convinced that the devil lived in this smithy and we only dared to walk past it in broad daylight. After dark, nothing on earth would have made us do it. Still, whenever we walked past we always put a hand over the eye that was closest to the smithy and sang loud hymns as we hurried past!”

There is an old smithy in the area (which is still standing to this day… just about). However, running past it while singing hymns would require a detour from the young Genbergs’ school route.

It’s more likely that the devil’s country residence was a small slaughterhouse, positioned directly on Hjördis’ path to and from school. It can be safely assumed that she didn’t take a look inside to find out what was going on.

The slaughterhouse was started up by one Algot Holmgren in 1924, when Hjördis  was four years old, and sold for use as a store-house in 1936. By that time, the Genbergs had long since left the area.

Here are some photographs of Hjördis’ school, courtesy of Hans Jonsson and Eileen Hedstrom. Thanks to Hans Jonsson, and also Mr Eriksson and Mr Samuelsson for the extra Röksta detail.

A digression for anyone who has visited this site before..

Hjordis Niven writing, 1960
Hjordis Niven posing with pen and paper, 1960

At this point, I should point out that there is an extensive memoir worked into the site, written by Hjördis herself in 1960. I did worry that her childhood memories would feel like padding in a story where she’s placed in the company of stars and celebrities. However, they explain a lot about her actions in adult life…  it doesn’t look like she was ever cut out to be the pliable stay-at-home mother that David Niven hoped for.

Rather than sugar-coating certain subjects, she simply doesn’t mention them – which is revealing in its own way. For instance, she talks about her father, but never once mentions that he worked in a sawmill. Anyway, onwards!…

The haunted house

Workers' housing in Vivstavarv, early 20th century
Sawmill workers’ housing in Vivstavarv, 1900-1930. They look impressive don’t they? Photo: Ohrlander Axel /Sundsvalls museum.

The Genberg family moved southwards on 6th August 1931, to Vivstavarv on the Östrand (East beach) – sawmill territory a few miles from Västernorrland’s main town, Sundsvall. Filmjournalen magazine reported that “her father worked at one of the big sawmills.” The major employer was the forestry and sawmill company Wifstavarfs AB, who provided housing for their workers. The family’s move may have been economic, as their quality of life seems to have improved.

“I remember our house particularly vividly,” Hjördis wrote. “It had a very special atmosphere, and I think it characterised my childhood.”

“It was situated on a hill overlooking the bay, and was referred to locally as ‘Kråkslottet’[The Rookery]. It was old, built of wood, and had a tower. The building was split into three separate dwellings. We lived in the middle one, which had a balcony. The French balcony had a wonderful view of the bay, and on dark winter evenings you could see all the sawmills around the bay glittering like jewels”.

“Kråkslottet was known to be haunted, and I firmly believe that it was, even though I never experienced any direct evidence. There was one room that especially scared us children, and fired our imaginations. It had a dark green wallpaper with a gold pattern, and a large, dark green tiled stove.”

“None of us children dared go there alone after dark, and I was the most afraid. Of course, my older siblings knew this, and took advantage! I can still visualise all the children sitting in a row on the boot rack outside ‘the ghost room’. The older siblings told hair-raising ghost stories, and my brother stuck his hand behind the coats and gave me a sudden nip on my neck. I was beside myself with fear and ran screaming into the bedroom that I shared with my two younger sisters!”

“Now that I think back to my childhood, I can see how our fantasy world was dominated by thoughts of ghosts. I reckon it was due to the long winter evenings in the north and the imagination of children in that creaky old Kråkslottet. Fear of the dark, and of ghosts has been there my whole life, and I am absolutely convinced that there are things we can not explain.”

Fate strikes again

Aerial view of Vivstavarv, 1988.
Aerial view of Vivstavarv, 1988. Norrman, Jan Copyright: RAÄ License

“I wasn’t only afraid as a child, I was also unusually small, skinny, and strikingly ugly, with lank flaxen hair. The only things I had going for me were a pair of huge grey eyes. For some unknown reason my siblings called me ‘Fate’. I don’t know why, it could have been because of my peculiar appearance!”

“My siblings, on the other hand, were remarkably beautiful, especially my brother, and the sister who was closest to me in age (Ann-Marie). She had long, thick, dark brown hair, that I was always violently jealous of, and was never as painfully thin as me. They used to say I was so thin, that if they threw a loaf of bread at me it would get sliced!”

“All of this sounds like I had an unhappy childhood, but that was not the case at all. We actually had an unusually bright and happy childhood. We had fun together and our parents did everything they could to make life as good as possible. In the winter we went skiing, and in the summers we swam. I, myself, have never been especially fond of winter sports – David and the boys can testify – but I love to swim.”

Pour a bucket of water on her

“My first memory concerning clothing comes packaged with my first memory of illness. When I was six years old I got appendicitis and had to have an operation. When I recovered, I got my first ‘own’ dress. That is, the first dress that was not inherited from my older sisters. I’ll never forget it. It was red with white dots and had a lovely skirt.”

“I also remember my first silk tights. I got them long before I was old enough to own such grown-up clothing. It was because my older sisters got a pair each for their graduation. I was so beside myself at the thought that they got those coveted items, not me, that I lay on the floor and screamed until I was given them. I’m afraid that was an approach I used to use, both when I wanted something and when I became angry.”

“I was awfully moody as a child – I still am, but now I try to control it – ask my husband if you do not believe me! I used to have terrible tantrums, and finally Mamma went to the doctor to ask advice. He laconically advised her to ‘pour a bucket of water over the kid’, but my mother didn’t have the heart, because I was so small and thin.”

“My physique was helpful in other ways. Us children had to help at home from when we were small. The girls had particular dish-washing days, but I often managed to escape as I was considered so delicate. This naturally annoyed my sisters. When I think back now, I realise I must have been a rather troublesome young lady.” (Hjördis, I believe you.)

“Even as a little school kid I had boyfriends, and I spent a lot of time thinking about boys. I particularly enjoyed taking away my older sisters’ boyfriends. They may have been considerably prettier than me, but I was smarter.”

Next page: Life was never the same again, 1930-1940

One thought on “Long winter evenings in the north, 1919-1929”

  1. I saw an old film with David Niven and remembered that his first wife died tragically. I read a brief summary of his second wife and wanted to find out more. Your articles seem very thoroughly researched so thank you


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: